A Web Dev’s Checklist for Maintaining Page Speed
Andy Schaff Sep 21 2017
It’s obvious to say that all websites need upkeep, but often times they are left as “good enough.” Collecting dust, attracting hackers, slipping in the rankings. We’ve already gone into painstaking detail about why page speed matters and various levels of guidance for site speed optimization overhaul from novice to advanced. This article assumes you’ve implemented most of those major improvements, at least somewhat recently. If you haven’t, then definitely do start here.
In this post, we’ll look at the most likely culprits causing page speed to creep back up, and basic fixes to help keep the base layer of the marketing stack (infrastructure, page/site speed) healthy.
Over time, lots of content gets added, edited, and generally messed with on your site. Content producers upload images, page templates get a facelift, and so on. In the hustle to keep our content fresh, compelling, and published on-time, marketers can easily forget to follow the image compression procedures that we carefully laid out the last time we did a site speed push.
Whatever the reason for the average image size creeping up, if images are not optimized before they go live, or auto-optimized on upload, it won’t take long for your newest content to under-perform.
Maintenance Tip #1: Test a handful of your main pages quarterly like the homepage, blog hub, services page, products hub, etc., on webpagetest.org. Analyze the results and make sure you address image compression issues.
Identify where and how over-sized images are popping up most frequently, and proactively address it with the folks who can improve their process. Teach your content team how they can optimize imagery for your site. Better still, implement a plugin that will auto-optimize your imagery on upload.
HTACCESS rules overwritten
This may sound like a strange culprit, but it definitely happens. A CMS and/or plugin modifies the local Apache config file (.htaccess) and in the process, wipes out a bunch of browser caching or compression directives.
Maintenance Tip #3: Customize your theme (or app) to remove these unnecessary resources where they are not needed. This can be tedious, but taking the time to limit all plug-ins to only the uses and pages where they’re needed will add up to improve your performance metrics, and enhance your customers’ experience on your site.
3rd party scripts
Marketers love their tools. They provide great insights into all kinds of metrics to help make informed decisions. From page views and click-throughs to heat maps and scroll tracking. But sometimes they love their tools too much — and subsequently have their dev team install a bunch of 3rd party scripts into the code.
With the advent of Google Tag Manager, marketers can even insert some of these scripts themselves, which opens its own can of worms that we won’t get into. We’re big fans of GTM in general for the agility and visibility it brings to marketing teams, but as a developer that knows the value of site speed, you still need to understand all the code that’s going into your site.
Maintenance Tip #4: Coordinate with your analytics and/or marketing teams who utilize these tools and analyze them carefully. Be picky about what you are running on your site. Purge scripts that are no longer needed (or no longer work).
CMS and Updates to Plugins, Extensions, Modules
Regardless of your CMS, you should be keeping up with core updates for security patching and enhanced functionality. Sometimes, the updates are improvements to code efficiency. Plus, you don’t want to fall so far behind that when you finally address updates, they are of the large, complicated, headache variety. Iterative updates for the win!
The same goes for any plugins or extensions.
Maintenance Tip #5: Be vigilant about CMS updates. Keep ‘em small and painless. If a faster site wasn’t enough incentive, you don’t want to be unknowingly advertising for hackers, right?
That’s all for now!
This should be a fairly simple, manageable list to get your site’s performance back on the right track — and, most importantly, convert more leads. I would suggest reviewing once a month, and if you haven’t made any investment in site speed before this definitely check out Portent’s Massive Guide To Site Speed as a starting place If you have any questions, please let me know in the comments below.
Highly motivated developer with 12 years of experience who will take on any technology thrown at him. A proponent of well-formed and documented code, MVC technologies, page speed techniques, and high attention to detail, Andy is the full-stack implementation specialist and development architect at Portent. Read More